Friday, 7 July 2017


1. Imagine that you are a worm moving in the vegetable market....sketch what u see.
2. Draw a logo for kabbadi game using rectangles, circles and triangles. Use only 3 colours.
3. Using cubes of different sizes create a sense of opening and steps...light and shades.
4. You are 6 cm in size and you are standing on the table of an explorer would a world map, 2 books,2 pencil, compass, notepad and this table is near a window having partial curtains on
5. Draw the logo of a shoe company using circles and triangles only
6. You have 1 empty bowl,1 glass,2 forks,1 spoon and handkerchief draw a 3d composition giving light and shadow effect like light is coming through your left
7. Imagine that you are sitting in a merry go round. You can see some food stalls. Giant wheel etc. Draw the view.
8. Draw a rectangular box. Divide the box using straight and zig zag lines and colour it using 4 colours.
9. Using 4 parts of a luggage draw a composition ; light is falling from the left side. Shade it and show shadow.
10. There is a inter school quiz competition going on in an historical school assembly hall .There are two students in each group n there are three groups. The other three sides of the hall is occupied by audience with the quiz master standing in the middle of one side, you are sitting on 2nd top row of a side...sketch what you see.
11. Redesign a logo for your favorite TV News channel.
12. Using at least 4 cylinders show a tall building. Show light n shadow.

13. You are going on a trip in a bus and sitting on the window seat. the bus is passing thru a village... there is an open air cattle market going on in the village. lots of bullocks, buffalos, bullock carts & its spare parts, tea and snack stalls on hand carts.....huge crowd of sellers, customers and visitors.........draw what u see from the window sitting inside the bus....


1. The 23½° South latitude is known as

 (A) The Tropic of Cancer
 (B) The Tropic of Capricorn
 (C) The Equator
 (D) The Prime Meridian

2. A man weighing 65 kg jumps from a 100 ft high building with a load of 35 kg. What wlii be the load experienced by him?

 (A) 20 kg
 (B) 100 kg
 (C) 200 kg
 (D) Zero

3. The universal law of gravitation was propounded by

 (A) Kepler
 (B) Galileo
 (C) Newton
 (D) Copernicus

4. Summer solstice occurs in the Southern hemisphere

 (A) December 22
 (B) January 22
 (C) February 22
 (D) February 28

5. Microphone is used to convert

 (A) Sound waves into electrical energy
 (B) Sound waves into light rays
 (C) Electrical energy into sound waves
 (D) Sound waves into magnetic currents

6. Steel is more elastic than Rubber because

 (A) Its density is high
 (B) It is a metal
 (C) Ratio of stress to strain is more
 (D) Ratio of stress to strain is less

7. Pressure cooker cooks rice faster because

 (A) It always lets the steam escape
 (B) High pressure crushes the hard covering of rice grains
 (C) It does not let the heat energy escape easily
 (D) High pressure raises the boiling point of water

8. The clear sky looks blue because

 (A) Reflection of light
 (B) Refraction of light
 (C) Diffraction of light
 (D) Dispersion of light

9. The main reserves of phosphorus in the biosphere is in the

 (A) Hydrosphere
 (B) Atmosphere
 (C) Lithosphere
 (D) Troposphere

10. The normal threshold of hearing is around

 (A) 60-80 db
 (B) 45-60 db
 (C) 100-120 db
 (D) 25-45 db

11. Ozone hole refers to

 (A) Hole in ozone layer
 (B) Decrease in the ozone layer in troposphere
 (C) Decrease in thickness of ozone layer in stratosphere
 (D) Increase in the thickness of ozone layer in troposphere

12. Super conductivity is a phenomenon in which the resistance of a substance

 (A) Increases with temperature
 (B) Decreases with temperature
 (C) Does not change with temperature
 (D) Becomes zero at very low temperature

1. For seeing objects at the surface of water from a submarine under water, the instrument used is

 (A) Kaleidoscope
 (B) Periscope
 (C) Spectroscope
 (D) Telescope

2. If speed of rotation of the earth increases, weight of the body

 (A) Increases
 (B) Remains unchanged
 (C) Decreases
 (D) May decrease or increase

3. The largest planet of the solar system is

 (A) Earth
 (B) Mars
 (C) Jupiter
 (D) Saturn

4. Which is the closest planet to Sun?

 (A) Mars
 (B) Venus
 (C) Jupiter
 (D) Mercury

5. What is the instrument that determines specific gravity of liquids?

 (A) Hygrometer
 (B) Hydrometer
 (C) Gravimeter
 (D) Hypsometer

6. Primitive man first learnt

 (A) To make fire
 (B) To tame animals
 (C) To make a wheel
 (D) To grow grain

7. Solar Cell converts

 (A) Light energy into heat energy
 (B) Solar energy into electrical energy
 (C) Solar energy into sound energy
 (D) Solar energy into heat energy

8. The image formed on the retina of the eye is

 (A) Real and Inverted
 (B) Upright and Real
 (C) Virtual and Upright
 (D) Enlarged and Real

9. The blue colour of the water in the sea is due to

 (A) Refraction of the blue light by the impurities in sea water
 (B) Reflection of blue sky by the sea water
 (C) Absorption of other colors except the blue colour by water molecules
 (D) Scattering of blue light by water molecules

10. The oil in the wick of a lamp rises up due to

 (A) Pressure difference
 (B) Low viscosity of oil
 (C) Capillary action
 (D) Gravitational force

11. Food is cooked in a pressure cooker quickly because

 (A) Boiling point of water decreases
 (B) Boiling point of water increases
 (C) It absorbs heat quickly
 (D) It retains heat for a longer duration

12. A glass tumbler containing ice shows droplets of water on the outer surface because

 (A) The outer surface of the tumbler shows hygroscopic effect
 (B) The moisture in the air on coming in contact with the cold surface of the tumbler condenses in the form of droplets of water
 (C) Water from inside oozes out through minute porous wall of the tumbler
 (D) Both (A) and (C)

13. The sky appears blue because

 (A) It is actually blue
 (B) The atmosphere scatters blue light more than the others
 (C) All colors interface to produce blue
 (D) In white light, blue colour dominates

14. A thick glass tumbler cracks more easily than a thin one when hot water is poured into it. Why?

 (A) Thick glass is more brittle than thin glass.
 (B) Thick glass is of inferior quality.
 (C) The inner surface of the tumbler expands more than its outer surface.
 (D) The outer surface of the tumbler expands more than its inner surface.

15. In the visible spectrum, the colour having the shortest wavelength is

 (A) Green
 (B) Yellow
 (C) Violet
 (D) Blue


Mental Ability Test Paper  for Architecture & Design Careers 

1. Write the number of the pair, the words of which do not have the same type of meaning as others.
(a) Shade and Colour (b) Drink and Sip
(c) Short and Tall (d) Happy and Contented

2. Which of the following pair is odd one out?
(a) Love, Affection (b) Abundance, Scarcity
(c) False, True (d) Sharp, Blunt

3. Complete the series:
1, 3, 10, 21, 64, 129, ?, 777
(a) 356 (b) 259
(c) 388 (d) 144

4. It takes 2 minutes to boil a single egg. How many minutes will it take to boil 5 eggs together?
(a) 10 (b) 4
(c) 2 (d) 5

5. If fifth of the month falls two days after Monday, what day of the week will precede the 19th of the month?
(a) Friday (b) Wednesday
(c) Saturday (d) Tuesday

6. Select the correct word to fill in the blank:
Gun is to Soldier as …… is to Blacksmith.
(a) Nail (b) Blower
(c) Hammer (d) Plane

7. If Land is to Train as Sky is to……
(a) Pilot (b) Air
(c) Aeroplane (d) Bird

8. Fill in the missing number to complete the series:
1 4 2 5 3 6 7 ……, ……
(a) 6, 8 (b) 5, 8
(c) 9, 7 (d) 6, 9

9. If 2 × 3 = 812, 4 × 5 = 1620 then 6 × 7 = ?
(a) 42 (b) 1214
(c) 2428 (d) 2442

10. If 5 boys write 5 pages in 5 minutes, in how many minutes can one boy write one page?
(a) 1 minute (b) 1
(c) 5 minute (d) 2.5 minutes

11. If Monday is to February, then Friday is to ……?
(a) July (b) June
(c) May (d) August

12. If March is to August, then C is to ……
(a) G (b) I
(c) H (d) J

13. An aeroplane files twice is fast than a train which covers 60 miles in 80 minutes. What
distance will the aeroplane cover in 20 minutes?
(a) 30 miles (b) 50 miles
(c) 35 miles (d) 40 miles

14. A lady is 5 years younger to her husband and he is 5 times as old as his daughter. If the
daughter was 5 years old 3 years back, what is the present age of the lady?
(a) 25 (b) 45
(c) 35 (d) 30

15. If LPPHGLDWH means IMMEDIATE what does WRSVHFUHW stand for?

Fill in the blanks with appropriate words from the four options:

16. Essence is to Flowers as …… is to Oven.
(a) Vapour (b) Steam
(c) Fire (d) Heat

17. Happy is to Sad as Straight is to ……
(a) Drawing (b) Curved
(c) Rounded (d) Vertical

18. Candle is to Sun as …… is to Sea.
(a) Lagoon (b) Boat
(c) Pond (d) Puddle
Fill in the blank spaces in the series with appropriate choices:

19. 2, 6, 5, 9, 8, 12, 11, 15 ……, ……
(a) 13, 17 (b) 14, 18
(c) 19, 23 (d) 21, 25

20. 48, 45, 40, 33, 24 ……, ……
(a) 11, 12 (b) 12, 13
(c) 9, 11 (d) 13, 0

21. Point ‘A’ is located 8 miles South of B and C is located 6 miles West of A. what is the
distance between C and B?
(a) 8 miles (b) 9 miles
(c) 11 miles (d) 10 miles
Write the number of the pair which is different from other pairs:

(a) Head and Cap (b) Pen and Pencil
(c) Ink and Inkpot (d) Oil and Lamp

(a) Culprit and Prison (b) Pupil and Teacher
(c) Patient and Hospital (d) Bird and Nest

24. Rs 2,000 amounts to Rs 2,226.05 in 2 years at compound interest. What will be the rate of
(a) 5% (b) 5.25%
(c) 5.5% (d) 6%

25. Write the number of the two words which have the same relationships as Comb and Hair.
(a) Toothache, Tooth brush (b) Paint and Wall
(c) Boot and Brush (d) Engine and Petrol
Fill in the blanks with appropriate choices:

26. Meat is to Vegetarian as …… is to Teetotaler.
(a) Mutton (b) Chicken
(c) Vegetables (d) Liquor

27. …… is to Goat is Milk is to Child.
(a) Fodder (b) Graze
(c) Shepherd (d) Grain

28. Soap is to Dirt as Petrol is to ……
(a) Dry Cleaner (b) Grease
(c) Car (d) Clothes

29. A man travels 2 miles, turns left and travels 3 miles, turn left again and travel 6 miles.
How far is he from the starting point?
(a) 4 miles (b) 7 miles
(c) 5 miles (d) 9 miles

Choose the word, which is of a different class from the others in the following:
(a) Chinese (b) English
(c) Bengali (d) Germany

(a) Triangle (b) Rectangle
(c) Circle (d) Rhombus

32. If BAD is coded as YZW and FIGHT is coded as URTSG. How will you encode HIGH?
(a) TRST (b) SRTS
(c) STSR (d) TSRT

33. If 9 × 7 = 3545 and 4 × 3 = 1520 then 6 × 8 = ?
(a) 5040 (b) 6050
(c) 4030 (d) 3040

34. If CAFÉ is coded as 3165 and HIDE is coded as 8945, how will you encode HEAD?
(a) 8514 (b) 5816
(c) 9156 (d) 8154
Fill in the blanks:

35. 1/3  : 1/4 :: 20x : ..............
(a) 18x (b) 16x
(c) 15x (d) 14x

36. ¾ :  ½  ::27y :  .................
(a) 21y (b) 16y
(c) 12y (d) 14y

37. If 20 – 4 = 10 and 30 – 6 = 10 then 40 – 8 = ?
(a) 30 (b) 24
(c) 10 (d) 28

38. If in a code, 52 – 36 = 97 and 46 – 78 = 1510, then how 53 – 62 can be encoded?
(a) 1520 (b) 88
(c) 2015 (d) 8800

39. A watch gains 12 seconds every 3 hours, what time will it show at 10 A.M. on Tuesday if the watch is set right at 3 A.M. on Sunday?
(a) 09 hrs 58 minutes (b) 09 hrs 57 minutes 8 seconds
(c) 10 hrs 2 minutes (d) 10 hrs 3 minutes 40 seconds

40. I bought a watch for Rs. 60. What will it fetch if I sell at a gain of 25%??
(a) Rs 72 (b) Rs 75 (c) Rs 77.50 (d) Rs 80

How to Use Traditional and Water Soluble Colored Pencil 8 Must Read Articles

Sunday, 12 February 2017

Art vs Design, The Similarities And Differences

A well-executed design project is always artful. 

Every project is created by design. It is thought out, analyzed and finally, designed and executed.

But is every design project also a work of art? How similar (or different) are the processes and results? You may find that every designer or artist has a different definition.

I am a designer. I solve problems everyday by putting together bits into a final product that showcases information in a visual way.

I am not an artist. But I can draw and I can generally sketch and paint too...

But there are some days where the work I do, is considered more than just an image on the screen or page. Someone calls it a work of art and this did get me thinking. Am I both a designer and an artist?

To me, art and design each have a set of defining characteristics. And then there are all those things in between – projects and pieces that seem to exemplify both. This I call “artistic design.” And it is that grey area where I would say most of the work by  designers is classified.

So, what are the characteristics of Art?

  1. Art has an emotional context.
  2. Art sparks questions (sometimes without answers) in those who look at it.
  3. Art has varied meanings that can be different based on a person’s experiences and emotions.
  4. Artistic ability is a talent that a person is born with. It can be cultivated and refined but part of the ability is innate.
  5. Art is created for the artist. Much of an artist’s work is created and then displayed or sold. The process is free-flowing and organic.
  6. Art is often an individual sport.
  7. Art has meaning but is seldom usable.
And what are the characteristics of Design ?

  1. Design must be comprehended and understood.
  2. Design projects aim to solve problems or provide information.
  3. Design communicates a distinct message. Whether it is information (as in the instance of graphic design) or function, design is a communication device.
  4. Good design will engage a person to do something – such as sit in a comfortably-designed chair – or display a direct message.
  5. Design can be taught and learned. Think of all the graphic design schools out there. Often many of the same people who have that born artistic ability are drawn to design as well but you don’t have to be an artist to succeed as a designer.
  6. Design projects are created for a client or purpose. How many times has someone told you to just do a project and they will take it?
  7. Design projects are planned and “designed” before the first but of actual graphic work is ever done.
  8. Design projects have an audience in mind.
  9. Design is collaborative.
  10. Each design project has a purpose or usefulness.

So here comes Artistic Design

Then there is that world where art and design collide.

Artistic design encapsulates creativity, feeling, question and answer, and newness. Artistic design is both inspiring and motivating. 

What makes design or art good is often a matter of opinion. There are a few key elements that are more defined – attention to details, alignment with color theory and principles or use of text – but generally how well a project is received (and liked) is simply a matter of taste.

Art, and design, are in the eye of the beholder. You can find beauty and art in design all the time. 

Tuesday, 7 February 2017

101 Sketchbook Ideas For Designers


1. Draw a Footwear

2. draw a glass of water

3. draw a pile of unfolded laundry

4. draw your non-dominant hand

5. draw a scene in a restaurant

6. draw a stack of books

7. draw a view out of a window

8. draw your art supplies

9. draw wine bottles

10. draw children’s toys

11. draw a person laying down

12. draw a person sitting in a chair

13. design a typeface

14. draw different types of trees

15. draw objects in your pocket

16. draw game pieces

17. draw a caricature of yourself

18. draw the same object drawn with different techniques (hatching, cross hatching, stippling, etc.)

19. draw your favorite pet

20. draw a copy of your favorite Master’s painting

21. draw a crumpled piece of paper

22. draw a brown paper bag

23. draw an old chair

24. draw a person from history in which there is no photo reference

25. draw an old person’s face

26. draw a stapler

27. draw an old radio

28. draw an old car

29. draw an old camera

30. draw a pair of glasses

31. draw an open book

32. draw a bicycle

33. draw anything made out of metal

34. draw a hammer

35. draw tree bark up close

36. draw ocean waves

37. draw a pile of rocks

38. draw a cup of pencils

39. draw hard candy

40. draw any fruit (sliced open)

41. draw any vegetable (sliced open)

42. draw a reel mower (tough one)

43. draw a pine cone

44. draw a seashell

45. draw a banana peel

46. draw an old cabin

47. draw an old factory

48. draw flowers in a vase

49. draw simple forms (cube, sphere, cylinder, etc.)

50. draw old farm equipment

51. draw a sailboat

52. draw people standing in a line

53. draw a bowl of peanuts

54. draw a bowl of nails

55. draw bushes or shrubbery

56. draw several eggs on a surface

57. draw your favorite insect

58. draw a flower up close

59. draw a thumb drive

60. draw an exotic fish

61. draw a scene from history

62. draw a feather

63. draw any detailed machine

64. draw the insides of a watch or clock

65. draw a skull

66. draw an apple

67. draw a portrait of someone that is a different race from you

68. draw water coming from the faucet

69. draw a creek in the woods

70. draw a pair of socks

71. draw an object that is moving

72. draw a Cubist portrait

73. draw a view from a window

74. draw a candle in the dark

75. draw three random objects from your refrigerator

76. draw a bowl of popcorn

77. draw a set of keys

78. draw someone peeling off their skin

79. draw your hand holding an apple (or other object)

80. draw your feet

81. draw yourself as a cartoon character

82. draw a patterned cloth on a table

83. draw a wine cork

84. draw a face in profile

85. draw a candlestick

86. draw a fictional woodland creature

87. draw a close up of grass

88. draw an object three times in different lighting

89. draw a pile of  jewellery

90. draw a close up of someone’s hair

91. draw a doorknob

92. draw a bird in flight

93. draw a video game controller

94. draw a pile of yarn

95. draw a stack of dinner plates

96. draw a trompe l’oeil image

97. draw hung drapery

98. draw a water sprinkler

99. draw calm water that is reflective

100. draw a person falling

101. just draw something!


Although instinct might encourage business professionals to dive right into projects, successful leaders understand that effective project cycles contain seven distinct phases. Few projects actually move through all seven phases in order. Some projects may require retooling that causes more time for preparation and presentation. Longer projects may necessitate alternating phases for implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. In all cases, however, project managers should prepare for the distinct needs of each project phase.

1. Identification

Most projects enter the first phase of the project cycle with little or no structure. Ideas that start in the back of the mind start to bubble up into potential projects. As creative professionals include colleagues, supervisors, or investors, projects become more formalized and start to follow the traditional phases of a project cycle.

On the other hand, regular project cycles, such as grant competitions and workplace initiatives, often operate from a top-down level. Project leaders usually issue a request for proposals or a call for submissions, in order to discover the most effective solution to a particular problem. In this kind of project, judges must sift through different ideas before settling on the team that will take a project through the project cycle’s six remaining stages.

2. Preparation

This phase of the project cycle requires leaders and managers to research both the needs and the impact of a project. The preparation phase often includes brainstorming sessions that result in “pie in the sky" estimates instead of true cost/benefit analysis. Effective preparation also includes laying the groundwork for the evaluation phase of the project cycle. Without agreeing on specific goals or outcomes, participants have no reliable way to measure the success of their project.

3. Appraisal

During the appraisal phase of a project cycle, project managers negotiate with stakeholders for resources while setting timelines. Depending on the scope of a project, leaders must determine whether hiring or outsourcing human resources will play a role during the implementation phase. Other resources, like technology and real estate, require budget estimates and impact statements during this phase. The appraisal phase of the project cycle ends once a clear plan with a timeline, budget, and expected outcome is ready for submission to decision makers.

4. Presentation

Visual Definition of the Project Cycle
Arguably the most crucial phase in any project cycle, the presentation often determines whether or not a project will reach its eventual conclusion. Depending on the nature of the project, decision makers could include board members, supervisors, investors, creditors, community members, customers, or other stakeholders. By the presentation phase, project managers and planners should be able to communicate:

project need
goals and expected outcomes
Although many project managers prepare for the presentation phase of the project cycle by building Gantt charts and PowerPoint decks, most veteran planners recommend that presenters prepare to debate and to defend the merits of their proposals. It’s not uncommon for projects to move between the first three phases numerous times before receiving approval.

5. Implementation

While implementation represents just one phase of a seven-step project cycle, it frequently takes the longest amount of time. During this phase a project manager actually takes the steps to lead a team through the process developed during the previous four stages.

6. Monitoring

While some project management professionals prefer to view monitoring as a task that happens throughout the project cycle, many business schools now teach students to treat this important task as its own dedicated stage. Building a monitoring stage into a project cycle can involve measuring independent benchmarks or scheduling formal progress meetings. Unlike the evaluation stage of the project cycle, monitoring focuses more on individual tasks or personnel in order to make adjustments. Projects often shift between implementation and monitoring phases multiple times during a project cycle.

7. Evaluation

Highly functional organizations use the evaluation phase of the project cycle to answer three important questions:

What went well during the project?
What didn’t go so well?
What would project leaders and team members do differently during future projects?
A successful evaluation phase requires effective planning during the preparation phase. If project members succumb to office politics or fail to document the shifting scope of a project, the evaluation phase of a project cycle can easily shift to “blaming and shaming." However, when measurable goals are set and stakeholders agree on desired outcomes, all parties can make honest, insightful evaluations.
Traffic Simulator